Nung Ethnic Group

The Nung ethnic group, also called Xuong, Giang, Nung An, Nung Coi, Phan Sinh, Nung Chao, Nung Inh, Qui Rin, Nung Din, Khen Lai are concentrated in Lang Son, Cao Bang, Bac Thai, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Tuyen Quang provinces. The Nung mainly worship their ancestors, spirits, saints, Confucius, and nungKwan Yin. Nung villages are[…]

Ngai Ethnic Group

The Ngai ethnic group, also called Ngai Hac Ca, Lau Man, He, Sin, Dan, Le are concentrated in Quang Ninh, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh Lang Son, Cao Bang, Bac Kan and Thai Nguyen provinces. A typical Ngai house consists of three rooms. All families have ancestorngai altars, and all hamlets have temples and pagodas built to[…]

Muong Ethnic Group

The Muong ethnic group, also called Moi, Mual, Moi, Moi Bi, Au Ta, Ao Ta are concentrated in Hoa Binh Province and the mountainous districts of Thanh Hoa Province. In former days, the “lang dao” system characterized Muong society. The muong”lang dao” ruled the Muong regions. A head of a “muong” was a “lang cun”, “lang[…]